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Panitumumab Plus First-Line Chemotherapy in Left-Sided Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

In patients with RAS wild-type metastatic colorectal cancer, adding the antivascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) monoclonal antibody panitumumab to standard first-line chemotherapy improved overall survival in those with left-sided disease and in the overall population compared with bevacizumab, PARADIGM researchers report.

Conducted at 197 Japanese sites in 2015-2022, the randomized, open-label, phase 3 clinical trial included 823 patients with chemotherapy-naive RAS wild-type, unresectable metastatic colorectal cancer. Panitumumab or bevacizumab plus modified fluorouracil, l-leucovorin, and oxaliplatin (mFOLFOX6) every 14 days produced these changes in a primary endpoint of overall survival: “In the as-treated population (n = 802; median age, 66 years; 282 [35.2%] women), 604 (75.3%) had left-sided tumors. Median follow-up was 61 months. Median overall survival was 37.9 months with panitumumab vs 34.3 months with bevacizumab in participants with left-sided tumors (hazard ratio [HR] for death, 0.82; 95.798% CI, 0.68-0.99; P = .03) and 36.2 vs 31.3 months, respectively, in the overall population (HR, 0.84; 95% CI, 0.72-0.98; P = .03). Median progression-free survival for panitumumab vs bevacizumab was 13.1 vs 11.9 months, respectively, for those with left-sided tumors (HR, 1.00; 95% CI, 0.83-1.20) and 12.2 vs 11.4 months overall (HR, 1.05; 95% CI, 0.90-1.24). Response rates with panitumumab vs bevacizumab were 80.2% vs 68.6%, respectively, for left-sided tumors (difference, 11.2%; 95% CI, 4.4%-17.9%) and 74.9% vs 67.3% overall (difference, 7.7%; 95% CI, 1.5%-13.8%). Median duration of response with panitumumab vs bevacizumab was 13.1 vs 11.2 months for left-sided tumors (HR, 0.86; 95% CI, 0.70-1.10) and 11.9 vs 10.7 months overall (HR, 0.89; 95% CI, 0.74-1.06). Curative resection rates with panitumumab vs bevacizumab were 18.3% vs 11.6% for left-sided tumors; (difference, 6.6%; 95% CI, 1.0%-12.3%) and 16.5% vs 10.9% overall (difference, 5.6%; 95% CI, 1.0%-10.3%). Common treatment-emergent adverse events were acneiform rash (panitumumab: 74.8%; bevacizumab: 3.2%), peripheral sensory neuropathy (panitumumab: 70.8%; bevacizumab: 73.7%), and stomatitis (panitumumab: 61.6%; bevacizumab: 40.5%).”

Source: JAMA